India's shrimp aquaculture hit by disease

Indi's shrimp (also known as prawn) exports dominated the global supply market in 2014, with over 301,000 tonnes of tiger (Penaeus monodon) and whiteleg (Penaeus vanname/Litopenaeus vannamei) shrimp exported, primarily to the United States of America.

In March 2015 the Associated Chambers of Commerce & Industry of India reported that just 8.5 per cent of the available brackish water was being utilized for shrimp production. Combined with a shift from primarily farming tiger shrimp to the faster growing whiteleg shrimp, the association predicted that with investment exports could increase to a value of $17 billion by 2017, representing a huge increase from the $3.21 billion achieved in 2014.

October 2015 saw a different announcement, this time coming from India’s Marine Products Export Development Authority - warnings about the spread of a microsporidian (parasitic fungus) Enterocytozoon Hepatopenaei (EHP) throughout India’s shrimp farms.

This article was written for (and appears in full at) The Fish Site.

Image: Asian Tiger Prawn/Shrimp. Credit Pawar Pooja/Wikimedia (CC BY-SA 4.0)