Illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing is a global issue. Each year, global economic losses resulting from IUU fishing are estimated to lie between U$10 billion and U$23 billion. It has also been linked to habitat degradation and overfishing, the undermining of management plans to recover overexploited stocks, slavery, and threaten food security and employment. It is considered to be a wicked problem – there is no easy solution or technical fix. To combat IUU fishing, we need to consider the natural, social, and governance factors surrounding the issue.
Understanding how different perceptions as to what constitutes as IUU fishing, Jospeh Luomba - a graduate student with Memorial University of Newfoundland argues, is crucial for understanding why IUU fishing can continue, even when programs to eradicate the issue have been developed.
Lake Victoria is the second largest freshwater lake by surface area in the World, and the largest in Africa. Bordered by Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda, Lake Victoria also supports the largest inland fishery in Africa.
This article was written for (and can be read in full on) The Fish Site.